You need to adapt if you’re to survive
COVID-19 is probably the worst event most of us have faced in our professional lives. But, as many business writers are pointed out, it isn’t unique. In the last 20 years alone, there have been terrorist attacks, bloody conflicts, disease outbreaks, bushfires, other unprecedented weather events, as well as a global financial crisis, data breaches and trade wars. The list goes on and the future is likely to be similar. Business as usual doesn’t cut it in these VUCA contexts. If you haven’t already done so, you’ll now have to embrace continuous disruption and volatility, if you’re to thrive. The pandemic demonstrated there wasn’t any ‘snapback’ or ‘return to (the old) normal,’ once restrictions were lifted. Hence the title of this briefing repurposes the comment by the English writer Robert Graves, “The future isn’t what it used to be!”
Whether you rebound depends on your agility
There’s nothing quite like a crisis to fire up innovation. The recent pandemic produced countless innovations. James Dyson and his team stopped what they were doing and designed a radically new ventilator in 10 days. In a similar way, many organisations learned that they can innovate when they shed old constraints and adopt a more agile, flexible approach.
In this endeavour, certain principles prove useful. Engage people in questioning, experimenting, learning and adapting. Creating rapid feedback loops enables a team to start, stop or pivot what they’re doing in response to emergent factors and new demands that could never have been predicted. Don’t copy a case study or use the play book of some other organisation, even one in your sector. That rarely works. Things need to suit your context, with all its particularities and special challenges.
All this requires thinking in new ways about uncertainty, risk and failure. Organisations used to making orderly long-term plans find themselves struggling, given very little is now predictable. Inevitably, some projects are going to fail no matter how clever you are. Adam Kingl and his research colleagues at the London business School argue that organisations urgently need to make a strategic shift in how they judge ‘success’. VUCA increases the need to try new things, anticipating that some will fail. But make sure you know when, how and why you failed so that you can maximise your learning each time. Failure will need to be survivable because it will be so common!
Essentially, this is about being willing to experiment and to incorporate failure into your culture. But this can be a challenging proposition. Kingl surveyed more than 100 HR directors across all sectors in the UK about their organisations’ reaction to failure. They could select one of five answers as follows. A: anyone who fails is quickly moved out or fired. B: we never speak of it – it’s shameful. C: some failure is tolerated but it’s not shared. D: failure is shared to a point, but there’s a stigma. E: failure is shared openly and even celebrated. Only 3% of the HR directors said their organisation’s attitude corresponded to E.
Many of them added that, while their businesses know in theory that failure has a value, they struggled to embrace this new reality. Old habits die hard. Rules-based cultures – where blame and fear are accepted norms – result in people not daring to try something new. Not a strategy for success, when the context is shifting rapidly!
Experiments need courage but also risk management
Instead of grand plans, design clever, small-scale experiments that will help you try out an idea in a quick, low-cost way. Limit the scope and make your hypothesis explicit, so that (whatever the outcome) you’ll learn something new. Accept that you’re unlikely to get the results you want first time. Iterate and improve. Always look for the learning or what could be termed the ‘return on failure’! If you experiment, you’ll become more agile. And if you build this capability within every team, then you’ll thrive in the midst of volatility and complexity. Reframing failure, risk and experimentation as new strategic assets is going to be critical for success.
Optimism, courage and purpose
The pandemic forced the pace and scale of innovation. As businesses needed to do more with less, they were ‘forced’ to find simpler and faster ways of doing things, many of which proved to be better as well. Decisions you’re currently making could help to reshape your organisation and enable it to be more responsive, resilient and productive. Instead of hankering after the past, it’s more helpful to accept this new reality of complexity and volatility, and start imagining how to make it work – with optimism, courage and a sense of purpose. As we carve out a path in the post-COVID landscape, it’s perhaps fitting to close this briefing with the inspiring words of the famous explorer Ernest Shackleton, “Optimism is true moral courage.”
PRACTICAL IDEAS TO APPLY IN YOUR BUSINESS
Ask yourself these questions, drawn from UGM’s research
- Have you mapped the implications for your role of the current complex and volatile environment?
- Do you have a portfolio of collaboration skills that support non-linear problem solving?
- Can you design smart experiments and safe-to-fail probes?
- Do you have the skills and tools to implement in your team a culture of ‘failing successfully’?
- How would you score yourself on agile behaviours such as resilience, adaptability and toughness?
- Are you comfortable making decisions under pressure, including with incomplete data and when all your options look sub-par?
- How would you rate yourself on your ability to conduct inclusive, collaborative problem solving conversations virtually?
- Can you distinguish among different problem types (obvious, complicated, complex and chaotic), matching each with the most appropriate response?
Note where you feel more and less skilful.
Make a plan to improve any weaker areas and implement your stronger skills more often.